The entroido, antroido, entroiro, entruido o entrudio is a popular carnival festival in Galicia, with particular and differentiated tints between the various localities. Although it was originally celebrated on dates that corresponded to the days immediately before the beginning of Lent, it has now been extended to dates before and after Ash Wednesday, in some cases the festivities last more than a month.
Nine are the carnivals that were declared of tourist interest in Galicia:
Entroido of Xinzo de Limia.
Entroido de Cobres.
Entroido of Verín.
Entroido dos Felos de Maceda.
Carnival of Ulla.
Entroido of Vilariño de Conso.
Festa da Androlla e o Entrudio de Viana do Bolo.
Fulión do Entroido of Manzaneda
The roots of the carnival in Galicia is given by the fact that despite its prohibition at the time of the dictatorship, it continued to be celebrated, although in two very different ways:
in the rural area they were celebrated by the villages, thus preserving their cultural richness, while
in urban areas, it was restricted only to costume balls held in social venues, where you had to identify yourself before entering.
This historical period led to the fact that today it is celebrated in different ways in different localities, although they all have two essential factors in common: the participation of the attendees and a strong link with the specific gastronomy of the time. Anyone can participate in this party, now, there is only one requirement: to attend disguised, whatever it is, but disguised, since the countrymen value participation. Going to the party without a costume is risky, particularly in the province of Orense. The possible punishments vary according to the locality and its customs and range from whipping or whipping, to having flour thrown at someone who does not participate in the party, in its mildest version, or mixed with live and hungry ants, or even passes for inviting to a round of wines those who dress up and have found the one who “violated the norm” of participating in these parties where transgression and changing roles is allowed and that is because carnival is the time of “carnal gift “, the prelude to recollection and purification that permeates the Lenten season.
The entry schedule varies within the different towns of Galicia, in some cases, in the interior of Galicia, lasting fifteen days, or even more than a month.
Part of the philosophy that surrounds the carnival parties includes the idea of eating and drinking well and even filling up, being another facet of the idea of excess and provocation of these parties.
During the festivities large quantities of the traditional chorizos, lacones and cachuchas are eaten. Androllas and broth are not lacking in most homes either as they are needed to replenish the strength of the entire party these days.
Also on these dates special after-dinner meals are made such as ears and pancakes, which are the most typical dishes of the carnival.
The entroids of the magical triangle of southern Orense are well known: Xinzo de Limia, Laza, Verín, Viana do Bolo, Vilaverde, and many others.
Xinzo’s entroido is qualified as a “national tourist event” by the Spanish Ministry of Tourism.
Today, Xinzo de Limia has the longest cycle in Spain and one of the longest in the world since it lasts 5 weeks: Domingo Fareleiro, Domingo Oleiro (celebrations exclusive to this town), Sunday Corredoiro, Sunday, Monday and Tuesday de Entroido and Domingo de Piñata.
In the Laza area, the Monday of Farrapos or Farrapada is also celebrated where a war of soaked or muddy rags is called in the square, in the manner of a cake war, of all against all. Once finished, the participants are nourished with the traditional “cachucha”, “bica”, “coffee liquor”, “xastreu” “cooked” and “orellas”
In Verín the “Entroido” begins two weeks before Ash Wednesday with compadres Thursday, where the boys throw flour to the girls, the following week, comadres Thursday, where just the opposite happens. It is followed on Friday, Saturday and Shrove Tuesday where the flour becomes a pitched battle.
In Viana do Bolo the strong days of the Entrudio are concentrated on the weekend and Tuesday. On “Fat Sunday” in the morning and coinciding with the Festival of the androlla, the parade of neighboring towns passes by playing the “fulión”, in which all the towns in the area come out with drums and hoes, which they beat with hammers. playing rhythms. These rhythms change depending on the town. On Tuesday at 12 pm the “lardeiros” are burned, which are dolls dressed as men and women (the compadre and the comadre) filled with firecrackers and fireworks. On Ash Wednesday they bury the sardine and give burned in the square.
After all this information….What do you think? Can the galician “Entroido” fight aginst the italian ones?
we should prove bouth, but here Galica has a vote.